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The U.S. International Trade Commission conducts “Section 337 investigations,” which most often involve claims regarding intellectual property rights, including allegations of patent and trademark infringement by imported goods. Other forms of unfair competition may also be asserted. The primary remedy available in Section 337 investigations is an exclusion order that directs Customs to stop infringing imports from entering the United States. In addition, the Commission may issue cease and desist orders against named importers and other persons. Section 337 investigations, which are conducted pursuant to 19 U.S.C. § 1337 and the Administrative Procedure Act, include trial proceedings before administrative law judges and review by the Commission.