Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement (ACTA)Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement
The Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement represents a significant achievement in the fight against the infringement of intellectual property rights, in particular the proliferation of counterfeiting and piracy on a global scale, providing a mechanism for the parties to work together in a more collaborative manner to achieve the common goal of effective IPR enforcement.
The ACTA provides for (1) enhanced international cooperation; (2) promotion of sound enforcement practices; and (3) a legal framework for IPR enforcement in the areas of criminal enforcement, enforcement at the border, civil and administrative actions, and distribution of IPR infringing material on the Internet. With respect to the legal framework, the ACTA establishes a strengthened standard that builds on the minimum standards of the WTO Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS). This marks a considerable improvement in international trade norms for effectively combating the global proliferation of commercial-scale counterfeiting and piracy in the 21st Century.
On October 1, 2011, eight ACTA negotiating partners signed the Agreement, the highest-standard plurilateral agreement ever achieved concerning the enforcement of intellectual property rights.